A Behavior Analyst is implementing a program with a client during an in-home session. When preparing the environment to run trials, the BCBA notices that it is almost lunch time. The BCBA adds 3 different kinds of edible reinforcers to the preference assessment array and asks the client to choose which reinforcers they would like to work for. This is an example of what concept?
- A discriminative stimulus
- Establishing motivating operations
- Reinforcement effects
- Establishing behavioral momentum
Step 1: Identify the concept being tested
This question is testing your knowledge of the differences between discriminative stimuli, motivating operations, and reinforcement effects.
Step 2: Analyze the question
In this scenario, a behavior analyst is preparing to run a learning trial with a client and begins to alter the environment to produce more favorable results. The behavior analyst used pre- lunch time as a natural period of deprivation and established motivation with some edible reinforcement options.
The Correct Answer is B
Motivating operations are defined as environmental variables that alter the effectiveness of a stimulus or object as a reinforcer and alter the frequency of other behavior reinforced by the same stimulus or object.
- A discriminative stimulus is a type of stimulus, that when used consistently, elicits a specific response and increases the probability that a specific response will be emitted.
- Assessing reinforcement effects involves looking closely at reinforcement contingencies that may have a negative impact on a person’s health and well-being and developing programming accordingly.
- Establishing behavioral momentum refers to the process of making high probability requests or demands that are and gradually increasing the requests to more challenging or difficult tasks.
Task List Reference:
Task List 4 Section Area:
FK. Define and Provide Examples of Motivating Operants
Task List 4 Item:
FK-29. Distinguish between the discriminative stimulus and the motivating operation
Secondary Task List 4 Item:
FK-30. Distinguish between motivating operation and reinforcement effects.