A dog is going to take a nap in a field of long grass. Before he goes to sleep, he walks in circles in the area he is sleeping in to hide himself from predators. What kind of selectionism is this an example of?
- Operant conditioning
Step 1: Identify the concept being tested
This question tests your understanding of selectionism, specifically the difference between ontogenic and phylogenic behaviors.
Step 2: Analyze the question
In this scenario, an animal is performing an unlearned behavior. This behavior impacts the dog’s ability to survive and has developed over the evolutionary history of the species.
The Correct Answer is B
Phylogeny refers to the behaviors of an organism that evolve over the history of the entire species.
- Ontogeny refers to the behaviors a specific organism develops as they evolve within their own lifespan.
- Cultural selection refers to learned behaviors that are specific to the culture the individual lives in and behaves in as they evolve within their own lifespan.
- Operant conditioning is a process involving pairing a behavior and a consequence.
Task List Reference:
Task List 4 Section Area:
FK. Explain and Behave in Accordance with the Philosophical Assumptions of Behavior Analysis
Task List 4 Item:
FK-02. Selectionism (phylogenic, ontogenic, cultural)