A Behavior Analyst is reviewing a client’s progress report with the client’s parents. During the meeting, the parents ask the BCBA to teach the client to be able to say when he is feeling hunger, thirst, or pain. If the BCBA implements this program, which verbal operant would be targeted?
Step 1: Identify the concept being tested
This question tests your understanding of verbal operants.
Step 2: Analyze the question
In this scenario, a BCBA is asked to develop a program for a client to teach him how to indicate when he is hungry, thirsty, or experiencing pain. These are private events. The question asks to identify which verbal operant would be targeted in teaching this skill.
The Correct Answer is B
This type of skill would require the BCBA to target the tact. A tact is a label or a description that is reinforced with a generalized conditioned reinforcer. In this scenario, the parents want the client to learn how to identify his own private events.
- An intraverbal is verbal behavior that is under stimulus control of the verbal behavior of another individual and is reinforced by a generalized conditioned reinforcer. Intraverbals have point to point correspondence, but do not necessarily share formal similarity
- An echoic is verbal behavior that shares point to point correspondence with the verbal behavior emitted by the other speaker/listener and shares formal similarity.
- An echoic mand is a combination of an echoic and a mand. An echoic shares point to point correspondence and formal similarity, while a mand is a request based on need and motivation. Echoic-manding is often used as an intervention or teaching strategy for teaching manding with individuals.
Task List Reference:
Task List 4 Section Area:
D. Fundamental Elements of Behavior Change
Task List 4 Item:
D-12. Use tact training