A BCBA is implementing a program with a client to reduce screaming behavior. The results of a functional analysis have indicated that the behavior of interest is maintained by attention from adults. The BCBA asks the client’s parents to ignore the client’s behavior when the client screams. What considerations should the BCBA share with the parents before asking them to implement this type of program?
- The BCBA should let the client’s parents know that if the screaming gets too loud, they can give the client her favorite toy.
- The BCBA should let the client’s parents know that it is possible the behavior will get worse before it improves and provide the parents with strategies for managing the increase in behavior.
- The BCBA should let the client’s parents know that the client’s behavior will improve very quickly.
- The BCBA should let the client’s parents know that the client’s behavior will not change immediately and to plan for many weeks of implementation.
Step 1: Identify the concept being tested
This question tests the reader’s understanding of behavior change procedures.
Step 2: Analyze the question
This question describes a scenario in which a BCBA is asking a family to implement extinction procedures to reduce their child’s screaming behavior. The question gives information about the function of the behavior and asks the reader to identify the information that the BCBA should share with the parents before implementing this type of procedure.
The Correct Answer is B
The BCBA should let the parents know that an extinction burst is highly likely when implementing extinction procedures and provide them with supporting strategies for managing the extinction burst.
- Although the maintaining function of the behavior of interest is not access to tangibles, it would still be unwise for the BCBA to direct parents to respond to screaming behavior with access to preferred items. This might reinforce the behavior.
- Implementing extinction procedures can sometimes yield unexpected results. It would not be in good practice for the BCBA to predict a very quick change in the client’s behavior.
- It would not be good practice for the BCBA to predict the length of the extinction procedures. The BCBA should explain possible unwanted effects of the procedure and plan accordingly.
Task List Reference:
Task List 4 Section Area:
C. Behavior Change Considerations
Task List 4 Item:
C-03. State and plan for the possible unwanted effects of extinction