During an in-home session, the BCBA and client are working on a task when the client begins to have a tantrum. The BCBA steps out of the way of the child, removes all toys and other objects from the area, and ensures both the client and the BCBA remain safe. The BCBA then presents the client with 3 picture card options and gives the instruction, “ Say, I want ____”. When the client stops engaging in tantrum behavior and exchanges the picture card, the BCBA reinforces the client with the item on the picture card. What procedure is the BCBA implementing with the client?
- Behavioral Safety Training
- Functional Communication Training
- Augmentative Communication Systems
- Direct Instruction
Step 1: Identify the concept being tested
This question tests your understanding of behavior change systems and functional communication training.
Step 2: Analyze the question
In this scenario, a BCBA is working with a client who beings to have a tantrum. The BCBA first managed the environment to ensure safety before approaching the client and presenting the client with a prompt for a mand. The question asks the reader to identify the procedure being implemented.
The Correct Answer is B
Functional Communication Training is a behavior change system where functional communication responses are prompted to increase communication skill in the absence of interfering behavior.
- Behavioral Safety Training is a term used to describe behavior reduction strategies that often include physical management procedures.
- Augmentative Communication Training is a language-based behavior change system to increase alternative (non-vocal) communication.
- Direct Instruction is a behavior change system involving sequenced instruction lead by teachers.
Task List Reference:
Task List 4 Section Area:
F. Behavior-Change Systems
Task List 4 Item:
F-07. Use functional communication training