Check Your Answer


Question

The tendency to seek out and interpret information in ways that verify our existing beliefs is referred to as the:

  1. hindsight bias.
  2. primacy effect.
  3. focusing effect.
  4. confirmation bias.

The Correct Answer is D.

The confirmation bias is a cognitive bias which, as its name implies, involves focusing on and seeking out information that confirms our preconceptions.

Answer A: The hindsight bias refers to the tendency to believe that, after an outcome occurs, you could have predicted the outcome beforehand.

Answer B: The primacy effect refers to the tendency to remember material that occurred first better than material that occurred last.

Answer C: The focusing effect is the tendency to place too much importance (focus) on one aspect of an event or situation when predicting a future outcome.


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