The tendency to seek out and interpret information in ways that verify our existing beliefs is referred to as the:
- hindsight bias.
- primacy effect.
- focusing effect.
- confirmation bias.
The Correct Answer is D.
The confirmation bias is a cognitive bias which, as its name implies, involves focusing on and seeking out information that confirms our preconceptions.
Answer A: The hindsight bias refers to the tendency to believe that, after an outcome occurs, you could have predicted the outcome beforehand.
Answer B: The primacy effect refers to the tendency to remember material that occurred first better than material that occurred last.
Answer C: The focusing effect is the tendency to place too much importance (focus) on one aspect of an event or situation when predicting a future outcome.