Neurobehavioral Theories on Decision Making in Addiction (2 CE)
Course Level: Intermediate
This course is for: Clinical Psychologists, Counselors, Nurses and SWs
Course By: Tim Grigsby, PhD and Kristin Ceppaluni, LMHC NCC
Content By: Bickel, W. K., Mellis, A. M., Snider, S. E., Athamneh, L. N., Stein, J. S., & Pope, D. A. (2018). 21st century neurobehavioral theories of decision making in addiction: Review and evaluation. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 164, 4-21.
Course Description: Recent theoretical advances relative to decision-making in addiction have not been rigorously evaluated or compared. Researchers identified several theories of decision making in addiction including learning theories, incentive-sensitization theory, dopamine imbalance and systems models, opponent process theory, strength models of self-control failure, the competing neurobehavioral decision systems theory, and the triadic systems theory of addiction. Each theory was compared to several benchmarks of theoretical robustness. No one theory addressed all benchmarks, but there was a notable overlap between theories for explaining addiction.
- Describe the three roles of theory and provide an example of how each role applies to the study and treatment of addiction
- List two modern neurobehavioral theories of decision making in addiction
- Evaluate and integrate each theory against the benchmark of evidence for explaining addictive processes
- Explain two key points where theoretical overlap has occurred as an explanation for addiction
- Read and understand 21st century neurobehavioral theories of decision making in addiction: Review and evaluation
- Review the Course Description and Learning Objectives
- Reflect on the similarities and differences between neurobehavioral theories on decision making in addiction
- Work through the post-test questions; keep in mind that answer selections should be derived from the respective article
- Return to the referenced article for any missed questions and/or to better understand the role of decision making in addiction at molecular and molar levels
CA BRN REQUIRED CONTENT
Implicit biases incorporate an association that occurs outside of conscious awareness that may resultantly lead to a negative patient evaluation derived from irrelevant characteristics (e.g., gender, race, etc.). A systematic review of the literature was conducted. Thirty-five studies identified the existence of implicit bias in healthcare professionals; all correlational studies evidenced a significant positive relationship between implicit bias levels and lower quality of care. Future research studies should examine the role of implicit bias in disparities in healthcare. Additional research across healthcare settings, combined with greater method homogeneity relative to methods that are implemented to test implicit biases in healthcare, is further suggested (FitzGerald & Hurst, 2017).
|Board Approvals||American Psychological Association (APA), Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB), NBCC, Florida Board - Social Work, MFT, Counseling, and Psychology, NYSED - Social Work, MFT and Counseling Only, American Academy of Health Care Providers in the Addictive Disorders|
|CE Format||Online, Text-Based|