Reinforcement Sensitivity (2 CE)
This course is for: Psychologists, Social Workers, and Counselors
Course By: Tamara Avery, PsyD
Content By: Katz, B. A., Matanky, K., Aviram, G., & Yovel, I. (2020). Reinforcement Sensitivity, Depression and Anxiety: A Meta-Analysis and Meta-Analytic Structural Equation Model. Clinical Psychology Review, 77, 1–61.
Course Description: Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST) is premised on the notion that individual differences pertaining to reward and punishment processing can predict differences in cognition, behavior, and psychopathology. This theory posits that sensitivity to appetitive and aversive stimuli serves as a biological basis of human personality. The researchers found that sensitivity to punishment positively predicted both depression and anxiety. Anxiety and depression predicted effect sizes for reward sensitivity and punishment and should be used for improving how the nature of affective pathology is understood, and ultimately, how more effective, personalized treatments may be developed.
- Review the Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST) and how it relates to the Behavioral Approach System (BAS)
- Consider the relationship between reinforcement sensitivity, depression, and anxiety
- Evaluate the statistical findings and consider presented evidence for each sub-study
- Examine limitations and clinical applications of further research
- Read Reinforcement Sensitivity, Depression and Anxiety: A Meta-Analysis and Meta-Analytic Structural Equation Model
- Review Course Description and Learning Objectives
- Consider the implications and results of RST in reference to depression and anxiety
- Complete post-test questions; keep in mind that answers should come from the accompanying article
- Return to the article for any missed questions and/or to better understand the relationship between RST, anxiety, and depression